The authors

Moritz Haslbauer

I am a PhD student at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIfR) in Bonn. I obtained my undergraduate degree from the University of Vienna and my masters from the University of Bonn. Currently, I am working on the formation and evolution of galaxies and their distribution in the local Universe in order to test different cosmological models and gravitational theories. You can find out more about my research on my website (

Dr. Marcel Pawlowski

I am a Schwarzschild Fellow at the Leibniz-Institute for Astronomy in Potsdam, Germany. Before this, I was a postdoc in the Department for Astronomy of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, and a Hubble Fellow at the University of California Irvine. My work revolves around using dwarf galaxies and systems of satellite galaxies to learn about galaxy formation and evolution, and to test cosmological models. You can follow me on Twitter (@8minutesold) or find out more about my research and my photography on my websites ( &

Prof. Dr. Pavel Kroupa

I am a Czech-Australian, teaching and researching at the University of Bonn and at Charles University in Prague on gravitational dynamics and stellar populations. After spending five years in each of Czechoslovakia, Germany, South Africa and Germany again, I emigrated to Australia where I studied physics at The University of Western Australia in Perth. I obtained my PhD from Cambridge University, UK, as an Isaac Newton Scholar at Trinity College. After spending eight years in Heidelberg I habilitated at the University of Kiel in Germany. I then took up a Heisenberg Fellowship and later accepted the position as a professor at Bonn University in 2004. I was awarded a Leverhulme Trust Visiting Professorship (2007, Sheffield, UK) and a Swinburne Visiting Professorship (2007, Melbourne, Australia). In 2013 I received the Silver Commemorative Medal of the Senate of the Czech Republic, and I took up an affiliation with the Charles University in Prague in 2016 and was elected professorem hospitem at Charles University in 2017 and received the Crystal Rose from my birth town, Jindrichuv Hradec, in 2019. Pure innovative science can only truly thrive in non-hierarchical societies in which competition for resources is not extreme. Therefore I see the need for the German academic system to modernise (away from its hierarchies) and warn of academic systems that are based on an extreme competition for resources (USA), as these stifle the experimentation with new ideas.